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Linux Drivers Explained。
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38 thoughts on “Linux Drivers Explained | 最も完全な関連コンテンツの概要drive linux”
Built into the kernel? That doesn't sound good at all. That means if you wanted to develop a special one-off driver you would have to wait for the oh-holy linux git review gods to allow you to merge into the kernel
Isn't having everything being present in the kernel all the time whether you need it or not a poor security practice? Larger footprint than you need type deal?
I've had lots of issues with an HP laptop I have as well… Hopefully that'll be solved in the future.
Thank you for the good explonation of how linux and drivers work this video made my head starting to understad what is going and i am compleatly green in the "linuxs world" keep up the good work im subbscribed 👍
Monolithic kernels SUCK for Desktop PCs.
Now I am even more confused then before I watched this video.
Damn. I bought an Intel 7260 for my laptop recently. Having issues with the chip shutting down randomly. There's a firmware file I'm going to try adding to my manjaro install. See if it helps.
Why, in 2021 (well 2020 when this was made!) would you want to interface with a computer in this way; typing archaic text commands in a text based interface that looks like what I used to have to use in 1980's before WINDOWS and icons and mouse pointers etc etc!!! Fekkin geeks!
I just accidentally install Pac-Man on my computer.
sudo pacman -Q | grep linux just will not work.
I have a asmedia 106x sata host controller, and I have to boot into windows first to get it to connect, then boot into Ubuntu so it will work. Windows & Linux are on two separate hard drives, if I boot right into Ubuntu it won't even show it's there.
Tried installing Linux Mint 20.04 on Dell XPS, wifi works for sometime and then it stops suddenly!!
Or works with very slow speed which is less than 20 kbps!!!
I tried installing Ubuntu 20.04 and the same issue repeated after few hours!!
Is there anything you can guide me here, as I tried this 2-3 times with different Ubuntu based Linux and the result the same.
If you have a windows only device, or a device where the only drivers you can find come in a .exe package- Is there a way to use the device through wine? Also how do you get wine to work on Xubuntu?
Sadly, I suspect that my computer is too old for the manufacturers to both supporting with newer drivers. It's 12+ years old, as of 2020. The Nvidia graphics card is a little newer, but still very old, that card being the GT 450. I for a fact that my graphics card can display a resolution higher than 480 x 320, because it has done so before. But it doesn't do so with any linux driver available for it. Also, I suspect that either my sound card is dead, or isn't detected by linux. It's probably a coin toss between the two, with how old it is, there might be a dried out capacitor or some nonsense on it somewhere. Or maybe a glitch in the power supply fried it at the same time one of the hard drives died years ago.
Nevertheless, I tried using Ubuntu (not my choice of distro, but we were in a time crunch), with a severely limited amount of screen pixel space. And I have to say, the experience is very unpleasant, especially with Ubuntu's default desktop environment. Gnome, I believe it's called. It just wastes so much space with decorative padding. I can't even see the entire page in the settings dialogues most of the time, and they aren't designed to allow you to scroll! Useless UI design, honestly. It's rare for me to be able to find a way to change the size of most features in the UI of the overall desktop environment. I ended up installing LXqt to use instead of gnome, and it has proved to have a higher level of customizable sizing options, allowing me to put together a semi-functional workspace where screen pixels are at a premium. I even went to a font website and picked out the most legible tiny-sized font I could find, with adequate support for characters and styles, to install as my system font.
But… Really. I just need to get a modern computer. Which means acquiring money. A slow process. But I'm sure I'll be a lot happier with a computer that's comfortable to use, has modern feature support, and can actually do tasks in a reasonable amount of time, and without running into RAM limits. (4GB was decent for 2008, but not really anymore.) And I'd like to have a motherboard with support for a modern version of BIOS or equivalent. Ancient BIOS make me sad.
Two minutes silence for optimus laptop (nvidia+intel)🙏
I have a line6 helix guitar amp sim which has an 8in 8out USB audio interface built in. Zero linux support from line6, but built in support in the linux kernel, thanks to some excellent members of the community.
The helix just received a firmware update which broke linux support, but the same community members added the necessary modifications to the kernel source so you could recompile it to get it working again. These updates were published in the 5.6 kernel branch.
The fact that this can even happen is what makes linux what it is.
Ok question how hard or difficult is it getting a printer to work full function the one i am talking about specifically is Sawgrass sg400 it doesn't do anything but print not an all in one or anything i need help with that otherwise i can only see building another windows machine. Sawgrass doesn't support Linux though thats why i ask.
Please show us how to add printers in linux.
Consider maybe uping the bitrate of your audio
I think making some search before buy any pc or laptop it is a good thing to do. Perhaps getting a usb stick with live linux can help to test compatibility, when we can do that.
Thanks for the video.
Off-Topic question but I still have one, might be interesting – Pacman Progress Bar.
I have a question about it:
When you edit the /etc/pacman.conf file, uncomment the Color and add ILoveCandy you get Pacman eating circles as you are downloading something.
Pacman is represented by C and c.
He leaves behind – – – – – –
And eats circles in front of him • • • •
My questin would be:
Could this ILoveCandy part be edited so that we have Ghosts (Ghosts Icons) chasing Pacman (Pacman icon) as he eats circles or some fruits?
Thanks for your time and wish you all the best.
I like this format and content, good job! Where is manjaro on that handheld ? 🙂
I've got the same little streamdeck and cannot for the life of me get it working properly. Can adjust the icons on the buttons, but then it doesn't do any of the commands 😢
And sometimes those drivers don't work with new kernels.
I've had to change nvidia drivers 3 times from kernel updates.
nividia drivers give me some grief every update.
I have to uninstall and reinstall my WiFi drivers after a kernel upgrade. Every. Single. Time.
Fingerprint reader on my laptop isn't supported in Linux and I can't swap it with a different model.
I think the Wifi cards issue could be one of several things,
1) card makers purchased some IP they cannot legally publish API because license prohibits it
2) there is some value that driver must set and if user would be able to set it would make it illegal to be sold in some jurisdictions. Or operating said cards could be banned in residential and commercial areas.
3) Laziness/not worth the cost. Not enough demand for them to incur salary costs of figuring out legal ramifications or making sure all code they released they have legal rights to do so.
4) Risk of someone combing through their driver source code looking for patent violations.
I have seen a friend who open sourced his game, and he had to remove software library he used before starting the process. And replace it with opensource library which seemed relatively easy because it wasn't used extensively through out the code. But what if hardware itself is written with a library that has software library as a pair with it closed source license you cannot take out the library from the driver because hardware component is still under same licence.
Look after Linux and Linux will look after you!
For my instance, my laptop speaker doesn't work
I can only use headphones which I can loose really easily and I don't like wearing them
Hey Chris, i'm using fedora 31 KDE on my laptop and i want to ensure that tlp is running, basically i want to manually give the "sudo tlp start" command whenever the system boots up!
Printers are another major hardware issue with Linux, as not all printer drivers come with the CUPS driver packages. My Brother multi-function printer, I needed to download the proprietary Linux driver package from Brother's website. It was a minor annoyance. Anyway my printer works. Having problems with the scanner, as the scanner driver won't install for some reason. I don't use the scanner function anyway, so no great loss.
So I have Arch installed on my portable SSD for use on multiple machines. One of my desktops has an nvidia card. All the others have Intel graphics. Is there a way to make it autodetect which card is in the system and use that driver (Nvidia or Intel HD)? Last time I tried this it was a pain and never ended up working.
This is why my laptop is from System76. I know everything will be Linux compatible out of the gate with them and it's off to the races. The thing with WiFi support is that many WiFi cards don't actually have firmware on them so they don't even know how to be a WiFi card. The OS needs to load the firmware onto the card so it knows what it it's supposed to be doing (hence the firmware packages) and then it needs to load a driver (module) for accessing it. For those of us who remember the dialup Internet days, those 'winmodems' worked the same way.
Manufacturers do this to cut costs and firmware updates can be bundled with driver updates so that it can be updated quickly and easily without having to wait for long firmware flashing on the chips. They tend to be closed on their firmware because of company secrets (they are trying to compete with others so they need to slow down reverse engineering of their proprietary add-ons they may have made)
Also region compliance, the WiFi channels available to use in the US and Europe overlap but aren't all the same so they need to make sure their products comply with local laws so they don't want people hacking the firmware to change it easily. Most WiFi hardware is physically capable of using the channels in other regions so they need to use firmware lockouts for compliance.
I haven't had any success with Linux on Dell Inspiron 5577.
The reason the Linux kernel works out of the box with a lot of hardware is that it is comes with a lot of drivers, not that it is a monolithic kernel. Also monolithic does not mean drivers are part of the kernel, it refers to how the kernel runs its drivers. A monolitic kernel runs drivers in kernel space/memory/mode – including proprietary drivers.
Whether a driver is built into the kernel or built as a module, is actually something you can choose when you compile the Linux kernel. Distribution stock kernels usually have most drivers built as modules since they have to support a wide range of hardware, and compiling every driver into the kernel would be a waste since the individual user wouldn’t be using 99% of them – not to mention the kernel would be huge and eat up a lot of memory! Try and list the contents of your distribution’s kernel package. You will see that it contains a lot of files (modules) besides the kernel image itself 🙂
You should try compiling your own kernel sometime. You can make it über-slim with only the drivers you need built in. It is pretty fun 🙂
my experience in BRIEF with sound, video in Linux
For many YEARS my main issue was sound drops-outs, screen-tearing (no VSYNC) and even mouse just stopped responding. More recently I began to understand that I had TWO main issues with video drivers:
1) Secure Boot in BIOS was preventing the NVidia driver from properly doing its thing, and
2) trying to install post-install of Linux didn't necessarily configured correctly (don't ask me why)…
So I stumbled across POPOS by System76 which integrated the drivers into the kernel and did other things. Apparently excellent for many laptops due to good multi-GPU support to toggle, power management, fan support etc. So you install the NVidia variant if you have NVidia. OK. But I wanted SECURE BOOT for Windows to work and that wasn't possible. HMM..
I went back to Ubuntu as v19.10 suggested the NVidia driver should already be installed now. It worked. No screen tear, performance as expected in games. Good. But when I turned SECURE BOOT on it screwed up again. Something to do with security. I'd already been asked about that but didn't know how to respond… anyway, at some point i got prompted again and the key got registered properly so Secure Boot now works in both Windows and Ubuntu..
I still get occasional AUDIO DROPOUTS using the Realtek onboard audio. I'd though previously it was a USB issue with the USB audio which is why I switched when I built my new PC. If I use USB or if I use motherboard audio I still get dropouts though I think its only specific programs/games. Haven't figure that out yet.
Final note: Still no good fan control software but configuring a profile in the mobo BIOS works pretty well for my CPU fan and case fans.
Ubuntu is finally usable to me on a fairly regular basis. I'm planning to just dual-boot and slowly keep using Linux more.
One thing to care about: when hardware claims it supports Linux, usually that means there is a module that is either opensource, or a blob with opensource interface (like Nvidia). But some morons sell hardware with "drivers" that are either a whole precompiled kernel of ancient version (hello Broadcom) or a precompiled module that fits only a specific kernel from specific Ubuntu release (16.04).
Yea , the best solution to the WiFi firmware headaches, is going with the direct radio (Telephone) USB dong. Never mind it's more secure than everyone connected to one source. … I swear by it for more than ten years and it's mobile, I can connect to it almost anywhere with anybody's laptop or computer. How to install firmware without WiFi!